Takarazuka: Sexual government and preferred culture within the modern Japan, Berkeley and you can La : College or university out of California Press

Takarazuka: Sexual government and preferred culture within the modern Japan, Berkeley and you can La : College or university out of California Press

17. From inside the combat, government entities advertised old-fashioned hairdos and you may developments for everyone their subjects; for women, short, bowl-shaped haircuts and you can loose-fitting, high-waisted monpe pants (are not used from the country side) have been advised as the gestures away from austerity, modesty and you will domestic front side assistance for the overall combat work. Having an explanation and you will analysis regarding wartime shojo depictions during the shojo zasshi, get a hold of Imada Erika, 2007, pp. 57–83. To have meanings away from wartime fashion and you may hairstyles having adult females, discover Wakakuwa, 2000 Wakakuwa, Midori . 2000 . Senso ga tsukuru joseizo: Dai niji sekai taisenka no Nihon josei doin no shikakuteki puropaganda, Tokyo : Chikuma gakugei bunko . [Yahoo College student] and you will Atkins, 2005 Atkins, Jacqueline . 2005 . “ Luxury ‘s the adversary: Style and you can fabric during the wartime Japan, inside Jacqueline Atkins ”. Inside Using propaganda: Fabric to your household side inside The japanese, The uk, therefore the You, 1931–1945, 157 – 169 . Brand new Retreat and you can London : Yale College Press . [Google Scholar] .

18. Tanabe, ‘Shojo shosetsu ni muchu datta koro’, away from Bara zero kobeya yori, reprinted in the Honda, 1991 Honda, Masuko . 1991 . “ Senjika no shojo zasshi, into the Otsuka Eiji ”. Inside Shojo zasshi ron, Tokyo : Tokyo shoseki . [Google Student] , pp. 36–37.

19. Story away from Younger Grass, the latest translated Japanese title off Louisa May Alcott’s Absolutely nothing Girls. The latest name Wakakusa Monogatari was then followed in the event that movie are revealed from inside the The japanese inside 1934; before had written translations and you may adaptations from Alcott’s classic were given various other titles.

20. Other types out-of shojo entertainment, namely the Takarazuka Revue, will also have offered a product for the right boy which have its version of the newest danso zero reijin[stunning lady in the male dresses], the new otokoyaku. Takarazuka just expanded a loyal shojo group of fans from the wartime and you may postwar decades, however, try searched regularly inside shojo zasshi, particularly Shojo no tomo. To own a description and you may historical/anthropological analysis of the Takarazuka Revue, discover Robertson, 1998 Robertson, Jennifer . 1998 . [Crossref] , [Google Beginner] .

21. Dating back the brand new 1910s, instructors and you will ethical supporters regarded film theatres as the reproduction good reasons for the new furyo, or because the furyo’s browse known reasons for their jogakusei victims. Some girls’ schools place strict conditions to your children who desired to sit-in flick theatres, otherwise prohibited attendance downright. Get a hold of Inagaki, 2007 Inagaki, Kyoko . 2007 . Jogakko to help you jogakusei: kyoyo, tashinami, modan bunka, Tokyo : Chuo koron shinsha . [Bing College student] , pp. 142–44.

Note: since the postcard respondent (and/or publisher) put yet another spelling (Wakagusa rather than Wakakusa), the high quality spelling and you may pronunciation is Wakakusa

22. The fresh close overtones out of discussing a keen umbrella possess prewar and you will very early wartime precedents. Discover Kawabata Yasunari’s short story, ‘Amagasa’ (Umbrella) of 1932, which contains an excellent romantically energized scene of several youngsters sharing an umbrella. My personal owing to Jan Bardsley for mentioning it union.

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23. Get a hold of ‘Civilizing “Degenerate” Students’, into the Ambaras, 2006 Ambaras, David . 2006 . Crappy teens: Juvenile delinquency in addition to government of lifestyle during the progressive Japan, Berkeley and you can La : University of Ca Drive . [Yahoo Pupil] , pp. 66–96.

twenty four. The fresh new percentage changes means numbers from 1946–fifty in the place of 1936–40 (Lunden, 1953 Lunden, Walter An effective. 1953 . Teenager delinquency when you look at the Japan. Pre-battle, combat, and you can post-war years . New Diary regarding Criminal Laws, Criminology, and you will Cops Technology, 44(4): 428 – 432 . November-December [Crossref] , [Yahoo Beginner] , p. 430).

The sole exemption toward intercourse-segregated program from post-first training in the Meiji several months towards wartime several months is actually new coeducational Tokyo Tunes University [Tokyo ongaku gakko]

seven. We evaluate these depictions in more detail regarding wartime part in my personal dissertation into shojo zasshi:‘All Girl’s a stage: Representations regarding Womanliness and you can Puberty in the Japanese Girls’ Publications, 1930s-1960s’ (PhD Dissertation, Stanford College, 2008).

16. Discover Inagaki, 2007 Inagaki, Kyoko . 2007 . Jogakko to help you jogakusei: kyoyo, tashinami, modan bunka, Tokyo : Chuo koron shinsha . [Yahoo Beginner] , p. 207.

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